Positive parenting and psychology focuses on the nurturing and empowering relationship between the parent and child that acts as the foundation for the healthy and full development of the child. Parents are the guides and leaders that teach the child, but also they are the caretakers that nurture and show affection, they communicate and provide unconditional love.
In positive parenting, one of the important factors is the understanding of the child’s developmental stages so that the learning process can be adjusted accordingly so it supports their individual needs. This doesn’t mean allowing kids to do everything and anything, quite the opposite, as teaching discipline in positive parenting means discipline in a positive, supporting manner that builds a child’s self esteem.
Research shows that parents with more emotional understanding have a positive impact on the child’s development, behaviour and wellbeing. Positive parenting boosts children’s confidence and optimisim, social skills in communicating with others, and sense of mastery.
Positive parenting fosters resilience in children through the supportive encouragement and parenting. Improved emotion regulation impacts children’s temperament also in the long term, not just in childhood. Parents can boost a child’s confidence through teaching and leading, for example using play. Positive communication teaches children problem and conflict solving skills as well as social skills. Parenting can promote exploration, democracy as well as autonomy, which boosts confidence and provides tools for creativity, self determination and empowerment. Being positive and supportive, and recognising positive behaviour gives the child more confidence to do more good and healthy choices. Lastly, providing clear rules, expectations and consequences teaches about accountability and responsibility.
You can read more about positive parenting and the referred studies here on Positive Psychology: